【国际】欧盟委员会将数字货币交易纳入数字支付欺诈监管范畴

时间:2018-09-14 09:30 来源:未知

近年来,犯罪分子借助数字支付和加密货币进行犯罪的行为愈加猖狂。针对这一问题,近日欧盟公民自由委员会批准了一项新规,加强了对非现金支付欺诈行为的监管和处罚力度,希望借此消除相关立法中的漏洞,震慑犯罪分子。

陈诉草案以31票对1票通过,没有弃权。

新规规定:

按照违法水平,对相关犯罪嫌疑人判处五年、四年或三年监禁,作为法官对非现金支付欺诈行为判处全国“最高”监禁刑罚的最低刑罚,

将虚拟货币交易纳入犯罪活动审查范围;

改善欧盟范围内合作,确保更好地处理惩罚跨境欺诈行为;

加强对非现金欺诈受害者的援助,例如心理支持、财政、实际和法律问题咨询,以及对那些缺乏足够资源的人提供免费法律援助;

通过主题活动、教育和永久在线信息工具以及欺诈案件实例提高民众对此类犯罪的预防和认识能力。

英文原文

Criminals cashing in on digital payment trends and the rise of cryptocurrencies can expect stiffer jail sentences under new rules approved by a powerful European Parliament committee.

The Civil Liberties Committee passed plans to combat fraud and counterfeiting of non-cash means of payment such as cards, electronic wallets, mobile payments and virtual currencies in an effort to remove gaps in national legislation and introduce more effective deterrents.

The new rules would:

establish five, four or three years of prison, depending on the offence, as the minimum penalty in cases where a judge imposes the national “maximum” custodial sentence for non-cash payment fraud,

include virtual-currency transactions in the scope of offences,

improve EU-wide cooperation to ensure cross-border frauds are better dealt with,

strengthen assistance to non-cash fraud victims, such as psychological support, advice on financial, practical and legal matters and free legal aid at least for those who lack sufficient resources for it, and

improve prevention and awareness-raising, e.g. through campaigning, education and permanent on-line information tools with practical examples of fraud cases.

The draft report was approved by 31 votes to 1, with no abstentions.

Rapporteur Sylvia-Yvonne Kaufmann, says: “Digitalisation has transformed the way we pay. As non-cash payments are used more and more, criminals exploit loopholes in the current rules. In today's vote we managed to harmonise the definitions of online crime offences throughout the EU, introduce a minimum level for penalties for them and improve the protection of victims of non-cash fraud.”

译者:高旭

来源:FINEXTRA

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